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Homoousion Athanasius of Alexandria Unisex Short Sleeve T-shirt
Availability: In stock
"Homoousion" is arguably the single most important word in the theological discussions of the 4th century. As soon as Christianity was officially legalized by the Edict of Milan, it became apparent, that not all Christians understood God, Jesus and his mission in the same way. Especially the relationship between the Father and the Son remained problematic. While the majority believed, that Son was begotten of the Father and coeternal with him, Arius, a priest from Alexandria, disagreed. In his opinion, the Son was created by the Father at some moment in time ("there was a time when he was not"). Consequently, he considered the Son to be subordinate to the Father and not really God in the same way.
Arius' teachings provoked the proto-orthodox priests to protest. The Roman emperor, Constantine the Great, tried to prevent unnecessary conflict and schism and called priests from the whole empire to discuss their opinion - this was the Council of Nicea in 325 CE. The council almost unanimously condemned Arianism and declared it a heresy. In the Nicene Creed, formulated by the council, the Son was declared homoousios with the Father, meaning "of the same substance", in other words - no less God.
However, this didn't resolve the issue at all. Arian and semi-Arian priests increased their influence in the imperial court (Constantine himself was baptised by one). Soon, especially in the reign of Constantine's Arian successor Constantius II, Arianism gained momentum. It supporters proposed modifications to the Nicene creed declaring the Son "of similar substance" or "similar" (without reference to substance) to Father. In those times Athanasius of Alexandria emerged as the most stubborn protector of the Nicene Creed. He was exiled no less than 5 times for his opinions. Nevertheless, his efforts were eventually successful and Arianism is now considered heretical in all major Christian churches.
To remember those events, consider wearing this T-shirt.
- Unisex T-shirt
- Light fabric (4.2 oz/yd² (142 g/m²))
- 100% Soft cotton (Heather colours 52% Cotton, 48% Polyester)
Please pay attention to the size table.